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Trabalho de Projeto apresentado à Escola Superior de Educação do Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre em Gerontologia Social.
Relatório do Trabalho de Fim de Curso de Engenharia das Ciências Agrárias – Ramo Agrícola.
The digital networks have facilitated the digital content access and sharing. Although this creates the opportunities to a wider dissemination of information and knowledge, on the other hand it creates challenges on what concerns the protection and enforcement of Intellectual Property (IP). This is particular important on the IP management of digital knowledge-based that is create on a daily basis on educational and research institutions, where a set of researchers and educators contribute with their knowledge creation works to the education value-adding processes. This paper will address the different scenarios/stages where the application of rights management solutions to the protection and management of knowledge-based content can provide an appropriate management of IP. These scenarios will consider the production and protection of the content, the rights establishment for the dissemination of content and the appropriate IP enforcement on the content user-side. This would establish a global environment where knowledge-based content IPR can be governed, allowing authors to establish the conditions that allow others to use their own work.
Introduction: Musculoskeletal injuries have become a major health problem in the industrialized world. Objective: Evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in factory workers and compare the ability to work comparatively to subjects with and without symptoms prevalence. Evaluate the influence of a self-static stretches program in the prevalence of symptoms in the last 7 days, pain intensity and ability to work. Methods: The sample consisted of factory workers at two factories in the Castelo Branco district. At T0 the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) for the survey of musculoskeletal symptoms was applied, and to assess the ability to work and physical activity level were applied the Work Ability Index (WAI) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), respectively. Subsequently, the workers of factory A were divided into a control group (CG) and experimental group (EG), the latter being subjected to a program of self-static stretches. At T1 were again applied the NMQ and WAI, in both groups. Results: In factory A (n=131) there was a high prevalence of symptoms at the upper limbs, and in B (n=50) at the level of the lower limbs and lower back. Individuals with occurrence of symptoms present greater hour load, service time and Body Mass Index (BMI), and more/less time sitting. Workers with prevalence of symptoms have a lower WAI, and there was a negative association between pain intensity and WAI. In EG there was found, between T0 and T1, a significant decrease in the intensity of lower back pain (p=0.011). Conclusions: The results show the need for urgent intervention in industry, mainly directed to the most prevailing body regions. Some mentioned factors should be reduced, but the results do not indicate causality. The results of the program of self-static stretches were not in favor of the hypotheses, therefore more research is needed to confirm these results.